By Garry Kwok, National Technical Services Manager at Wormald
With an atmosphere of potentially harmful contaminants, an unsafe level of oxygen and restricted means of entry and exit, working within confined spaces can pose many risks to health and safety.
Employers should be aware of their duty to minimise health and safety risks, and provide training to personnel working in confined spaces. Work health and safety laws set out the legal obligations that must be met by employers before work can commence in a confined space.
A unique set of skills and knowledge is required for those working in confined spaces, so the value of training cannot be underestimated. If something goes wrong, knowing what to do and how to do it is vital. To fully understand and manage the risks, it is important to learn and be tested under real-life conditions and training can provide this.
In addition to training, there are several other things to consider before starting work in confined spaces, including entry permits, risk assessments and rescue procedures, so both employers and employees must be prepared. Continue reading
By Garry Kwok, National Technical Services Manager at Wormald
Emergency response is not immune to the idiosyncrasies of human behaviour. Regardless of how much training is provided, it is almost impossible to predict how an individual will respond to an actual emergency, whether it is a fire, earthquake, natural disaster or accident.
While computational and engineering tools are necessary requirements for designing a building’s evacuation routes, the US National Institute of Standards and Technology has found these tools often fail to fully consider the impact of human behaviour.
Building and facility managers should consider how human drivers can affect the safe response to an emergency. This involves being mindful of the cognitive drivers that influence how long it may take occupants to begin evacuating the building and what exit route they may choose.
According to a study conducted by the Mailman School of Public Health, which examined the evacuation decisions of the September 11th World Trade Centre tragedy, this may include factors such as an individual’s perceived ability to exit the building, previous evacuation experience, permission to leave and the information available to make a decision. Research also shows an evacuation decision is influenced by group dynamics. In a fire emergency, staff are more likely to follow their respected colleagues. Continue reading
By Dave Hipkins, National Technical and Product Manager, Wormald New Zealand
There is no room for complacency when it comes to protecting commercial kitchens from fire. Regardless of size cafés, restaurants, fast food outlets, school canteens and hotel kitchens are all at risk. The recent string of restaurant and bar fires in New Zealand highlights the need for business owners to not only install the correct fire protection equipment, but to also ensure it is regularly serviced and employees are trained to use it. Damage to property is one thing, but the safety of your staff and patrons must be the top priority.
An important task for any business owner is to ensure the correct fire protection equipment is installed. This involves identifying and understanding the fire hazards on site, the most significant of which may be the kitchen. Intense cooking heat, flammable oil and the build-up of grease in inaccessible ducts poses significant risks.
Kitchens should be fitted with wet chemical fire protection equipment, which is specifically designed to protect against fires involving cooking oils and fats. This can include wet chemical hand held fire extinguishers and for larger facilities, fixed fire suppression systems. Fire extinguishers should be easy to access, clearly labelled and regularly maintained.
Fire protection should not end in the kitchen however. In a fire emergency, a complete fire safety system will ensure a high level of protection for facility staff and patrons. Facilities can be fitted with sprinkler systems, fire alarm detection systems, emergency warning and intercommunication systems, emergency lighting and supplementary fire protection equipment, such as hand-held portable fire extinguishers. They may also be fitted with passive fire protection features such as fire doors and walls. Continue reading
By Tony Jones, Engineering, Defence, Training and Rescue Manager with Wormald
If your premises experienced a fire would you and your employees know what to do?
Fire is a risk for every facility and can pose a serious threat to people, property and a business’ reputation. Whether you’re responsible for a large hotel, high-rise office block, small retail outlet or an industrial workshop, you need to know the risks and prepare accordingly.
In addition to having the correct fire protection systems and equipment in place, fire safety training must be provided to ensure each staff member knows how to respond in an emergency situation.
Emergency related training is a vital element of any fire prevention plan. The Australian Standard, AS 3745 – 2010 Planning for Emergencies in Facilities outlines the minimum requirements for the development of the emergency plan and also provides direction for the planning and implementation of an Emergency Planning Committee, Emergency Control Organisation (ECO) and emergency response procedures.
The Standard requires training to be completed by at least one member of the Emergency Planning Committee, for the Emergency Control Organisation and for the occupants. Members of the Emergency Control Organisation must also attend skills retention training every six months.
To give you an idea of what’s available, here are some of the courses offered by Wormald: Continue reading
By Mark Gowans, managing director, Wormald ANZ
Serious fires can result in injury, fatality, property loss, significant damages and lengthy downtime. Although it is not always possible to prevent a fire, every business should be adequately prepared so that the impact of fire to people and property is minimised.
As well as having the correct fire safety solutions in place, organisations must consider the importance of staff fire safety training. Training is an essential line of defence against fire and the impact of a crisis can be substantially reduced when people are trained to respond appropriately. A confident team that is able to respond appropriately is an invaluable investment for a business. Continue reading